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Public Information Bulletin 

Number 1 1949-50 


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I give my pledge as an American to save and faith- 
fully to defend from waste the natural resources 
of my country — its soil and minerals, its forests, 
waters, and wildlife. 




Published annually by the Georgia Game and Fish Commission 
412 State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 

J. R. HOLLAND Chairman 

J.C.CALHOUN Director 

HAMILTON RALLS Assistant Director 

JULY, 1949 

The Game and Fish Commission 5 

Foreword — by J. C. Calhoun 7 

The Value of Wildlife - by J. R. Holland " 9 

Fishing — by Pierce Harris 11 

Hatchery Division — by C. C. James 13 

'Predators of the Bob White Quail 17 

Fish Hatcheries 25 

Management of Fish Ponds 27 

Restocking Old Ponds 27 

Fertilizing the Pond 29 

The Role of the Enforcement Officer — by W. H. Hodges 31 

The Importance of Information and Education — by Ed Friend 37 

License Fees for 1949-1950 Season _ 41 

'It Is Unlawful" 43 

Hunting and Trapping Regulations 45 

Fishing Regulations 53 

>had Fish Regulations 55 

Salt Water Regulations 56 

Same Management Areas 1949 Fishing Schedule 57 and 82 

The License Division — by Tom Sanders 58 

federal Aid Division — by Thos. H. Jones 59 

r ederal Aid Projects 63 

Georgia's Coastal Fisheries — by J. Nolan Wells, Supervisor 71 

■Tshing Sites in Georgia 77 

Georgia's Coastal Area 85 

The Marshes of Glynn . 85 

.Vhcn Sidney Lanier Faced Death 87 

Vhy Protection Is Necessary — by Dr. A. J. Kilpatrick ... 88 

lOVER PHOTO — The Chattahoochee Forest in the Mountains of North Georgia. Here 
some 150,000 acres have been set aside as Game Management Areas and restocked 
with deer, turkey and trout. For the past few yeais, these areas have been included 
among the choice hunting and fishing sites in the state. This picture and all others 
in this booklet, except as noted, are by Staff Photographer Ed Friend. 

Lost Creek in Rabun County, near Claytc 



The Commission is a constitutional body, responsible only to 
the legislature and the Governor. 

Eleven in number — one from each Congressional District — the 
members of the Commission are appointed by the Governor for 
staggered terms of seven years and the commission in turn ap- 
points the Director. 

At the present time the Commissioners are as follows: 

J. R. Holland, Chairman Thunderbolt, Ga. 

E. V. Komarek, Vice-Chairman Thomasville, Ga. 

1 Clabus Lloyd, Secretary Gainesville, Ga. 

W. C. Ellis Hazlehurst, Ga. 

(Guy Rutland Decatur, Ga. 

^Walter Wainwright Butler, Ga. 

I Roy McGinty, Jr Chatsworth, Ga. 

IJames F. Darby, Jr Vidalia, Ga. 

Hugh Hill Macon, Ga. 

Wallace Gray Newnan, Ga. 

Leonard Bassford Augusta, Ga. 

|j. C. Calhoun, Director Macon, Ga. 

I Hamilton Ralls, Assistant Director .... Hogansville, Ga. 

The heads of the various departments and all employees are ap- 
pointed by the Director on the approval of the Commission. The 
Director is a bonded state official and directs the entire program, 
which is established and ways and means approved for its opera- 
tion, by the Board of Commissioners at regular meetings called 
for these purposes. 

The old mill wheel on Management Area, Berry School, Rome, Ga 


J. C. CALHOUN, Director 

We of the Game and Fish Commission wonder how many citi- 
zens of our State are viewing the conservation picture clearly. We 
ire afraid that too many of our people take too much for granted. 
Long years of easy access to a mint of natural wealth has bred an 
indifference to say the least. It is hard to view conservation with 
dncerity when we have always had acres and acres of game- 
nhabited forests, with lakes, creeks, and rivers rilled with fish, 
md a coast line that is part of the greatest deep-sea fishing area in 
Vorth America. But we must realize that even the richest can be 
)ankrupted by wasteful spending. 

Doubtless some are old enough to remember when there was a 
'dove shoot" in the community. Kids went along with wash tubs 
o bring back the kill, and coveys of quail could be found along 
nost any hedge row. Those days are gone forever. We in Georgia 
tre at a conservation cross road. We must choose between pro- 
grams that will mean eventual feast or eventual famine. The 
lecision is not up to the Game and Fish Commission, nor the 
Governor, nor any succession of Governors. It is up to the people. 

No agency or administration can be more effective than the 
>eople choose to make them. Too many Georgia citizens continue 

wink at game law violations. Nature deeded our wildlife prop- 
rty to all of us and we should all help protect it. In thinking about 
»ur wildlife population, the word restoration should become as 
ignificant as the word conservation. Our wildlife must be restored 
s well as protected. To do this favorable conditions for their 
•ropagation and development must be established. 

The Georgia Game and Fish Commission is committed to these 
•rograms of restoration and protection. The money paid in for 

1 shing and hunting licenses is used only for these purposes, and 
I !iis is the only money available to the Commission for these pur- 
j oses, since no money from any other source is appropriated. 

We earnestly solicit the assistance and influence of all Georgians 
i 1 a state-wide effort to restore and conserve our fish and wild- 
1 fe assets. 

', . : i,r.;.>'.'4 > ,i-:>-. : ;' : ' : '. 

Wfto wouldn't love a day in the field with this boy? 


J. R. HOLLAND, Chairman 

Why all the consideration for our wildlife? Who cares what hap- 
pens to wild animals as long as man gets what he wants? 

The basis of our nation's wealth is its Natural Resources — soils, 
minerals, forests, and wildlife. If these resources are not consist- 
ently protected and used wisely there will come a time when this 
:ountry will not be worth defending. 

Many of the values of our wildlife resources cannot be measured 
iirectly in dollars and cents. Whether we continue to live is not so 
mportant unless we can maintain a world worth living in. 

With increased populations and improved machinery there is 
oound to be more surplus time for increasingly large numbers of 
oeople during normal times. If we can continue to furnish con- 
tructive recreation for these idle hours, we as a people will re- 
nain wholesome and contented. 

Under a proper program of restoration and protection, our 
voods, fields, streams and coast line will furnish pleasant, whole- 
ome, and profitable use of such surplus time. 

Game, fish, birds, and wild plants are as important to the in- 
lividual as they are to the nation as a whole. Those who have 
mnted or fished, hiked, paddled a boat, or stalked the woods and 
ields, know full well what we mean. These activities give a lift 
nd purpose to life. 

It is much more difficult and expensive to bring back a nearly 
« xtinct wildlife population than it is to conserve and rebuild while 
ihere is a fair supply left. It is time now to begin the task of re- 
1 -uilding and the only way is by restoration and protection. 

The Department of Game and Fish cannot do the job alone. 
lit must have the cooperation of every Georgian. Can we count 
( n you? 

"Fishing is a disease. 



Fishing is not a sport — it's a disease. When the germ gets in a 
man's blood it's like a tropical fever. He'll go along for months 
with no signs that it is there — then, all of a sudden, and for no 
reason at all, other than the sunshine is bright, the soft spring 
breezes whisper through the willows, the poplar buds are bursting, 
birds sing in the tree tops, and rippling waters sing a siren song as 
they slide across the rocks, he'll throw down everything and — go 

It will affect a man's morals too. Like the man who weighed 
the new baby at his house on his fishing scales and it weighed 
32 pounds. 

It destroys all respect for the rights and comforts of others. 
He'll get up before day, blunder around over the house knocking 
over furniture, grab up the family's best coffee pot, take all the 
bacon they were planning to have for breakfast, and before he 
gets away, wake up every member of the household. He'll come 
back home way after dark grumpy and tired, and when asked 
if the fish were biting, he'll growl, "If they were they were biting 
each other — they wouldn't touch a thing I threw at 'em." 

Nevertheless, no other pastime exemplifies the adage "Hope 
springs eternal in the human breast" like fishing. They will surely 
bite tomorrow if it is not a day too soon or too late. 

Then too — it may be that ultimate truth lies in the spiritual 
attitude of the Georgians who are always going fishing. A person 
who has achieved an immunity from the everlasting inner demand 
that he improve upon his earthly position must possess an unusual 
degree of cosmic equilibrium. He must have learned in some way 
:hat composure of the human spirit is all that actually matters. 
He has attained, without conscious effoit, the serenity for which 
ill men strive. Activity — as he perhaps knows through some in- 
itinctive realization — is but a confession that peace is unendurable. 


Around the edges of fields where there is feed and cover is the place to find Bob Whi 

quail. What a dog! 




Our one quail hatchery is located near Chamblee, Ga. We have 
now about 370 pairs of birds paired off for this laying season. Mr. 
James expects these birds to produce about 6,000 eggs, which will 
be distributed over the State to 4H Club boys and girls for hatch- 
ing and release. 

Food and cover are fundamental requirements for Bob White 
quail and these must be in close proximity — such as is furnished 
by thickets and brush areas — with some open vegetation fields for 
nesting and roosting. 

The birds normally feed only around the edges of fields because 
they fear to venture far from thicket cover. Hence, it is obvious 
that efforts to increase the number of quail in a given area will 
depend upon the development of feeding grounds in close 
proximity to adequate cover. It is useless to plant quail where 
these conditions do not exist, for they will not survive. 

A farmer has one of his best opportunities to encourage quail 
and other wild animals on strips of land where cropfields border 
on woodlands. Where a field lies next to the woods, a shaded strip 
along the border usually yields little in the way of crops. In fact, 
working that border and applying seed and fertilizer from year to 
year is largely a waste of money. 

A border of legumes — such as bicolor lespedeza or serecia — 
planted in such a situation will be useful and will improve condi- 
tions for quail and other wild life. About one-eighth of an acre 
of this kind of plantings will support one average covey. Plantings 
of this kind can be made to advantage, in 30- to 40-foot strips 
through woodlands. 

A heavily grazed pasture is usually a poor place for birds to nest, 
but pastures can be made to serve wildlife favorably. Small units 
of cover — rock piles, wooded spots, brier thickets, and other 
thicket areas should be fenced off so cattle cannot destroy cover 
and feed. 


A border strip for wildlife, furnishing food and cover. 

A "living" fence around the pasture is probably the best single 
measure that can be used. Nearly every one knows that brushy 
fence lines provide good wildlife cover and we have recently 
learned that it is good farming practice. A fence row of brush and 
sod acts as a filter strip and prevents or slows the flow of water 
from one field to another. All terraces should be planted to serecia 
lespedeza for hay and cover, and brush piles should be left at the 
head of washes. 


Reward of a quail hunter. 


Undoubtedly the outstanding enemy of these fine game birds is 
and has been the man with the shotgun. Some men who love the 
sport pursue coveys to the point of extinction. The real menace, 
however, is the " market hunter" — he who hunts and kills to sell 
on the black market. This man who sells quail and those who buy 
must be stopped if we are to have any Bob White quail at all. 

Among the natural predators, we quote — with permission from 
"The Bob White Quail", by Herbert Stoddard, published by 
Charles Scribner's Sons — as follows: "Two hundred twenty-three 
or 37 per cent of the 602 Bob White nests studied were destroyed 
by natural enemies that ate either the eggs or the young during 
the hatching period. Sixty-five nests, or nearly 1 1 per cent of the 
total studied, were broken up by skunks. It is interesting to ob- 
serve that of the sixty-five nests broken up by skunks, fifty-two were 
destroyed before incubation of the eggs had started. It is evident 
that sometimes quail are attacked on the nest during the night. 
While a few of the feathers were occasionally found where animals 
tried to capture the brooding bird, no evidence of success was 
found. A cat, on the contrary, seldom "muffs" a sitting quail. 

Thirteen, or a little more than 2 per cent of the nests studied, 
were destroyed by that relentless enemy of the quail, the house 
cat. The destructiveness of this animal is to quail of all ages, after 
hatching, rather than to eggs. Though the loss of eggs from this 
source is numerically insignificant, it is in reality serious, since as a 
rule it comes just at hatching time, the keen ears of the cat detect- 
ing the cheeping of the still confined chicks. The incubating bird 
is almost invariably caught in such cases, and the eggs, being at the 
hatching point, are chewed up. This is not done, however, unless 
incubation is far advanced; the set is lost, nevertheless, unless the 
cock bird, at the risk of his life, takes over the nest. 

When abundant, the cotton rat becomes destructive to quail 
eggs and is held responsible for the loss of 21 nests, or about Si/ 2 
per cent of the total number studied. As most of their egg-eating 
takes place during the period the eggs are accumulating in the 


The No. 2 Predator of the Bob White Quail. 

nests, it usually has the effect only of delaying temporarily the 
bringing off of the broods. Cotton rats are more obnoxious be- 
cause of their competition with the Bob White for food and 
because their presence in numbers attracts many of the bird's 
other enemies. 

The opossum, which is very abundant over the whole South- 
eastern quail territory, covers much ground in its nightly rambles 
and may be classed as one of the most serious enemies of the quail, 
regardless of the fact that the destruction of only seven quail nests 
could be definitely traced to it. 

Six nests or about 1 per cent of the number of nests tabulated 
were broken up by blue jays, all during the dry season of 1927, 
when nesting cover was short and in consequence many quail 
nests were conspicuous. In one case where the destruction was ob- 
served the jays removed the eggs one at a time and carried them 
to a limb of a near-by tree, where they picked them open and ate 
the contents. 

Although crows are well known to be great egg thieves, they are 
lot particularly abundant in the region where these studies were 
:arried on, and only five cases came to light during our field work 
vhere crows apparently had destroyed Bob White nests. The great 
ireas of nesting cover offer such perfect concealment for the Bob 
White nests in most parts of the South that the quail have little 
o fear from the crows. 

A great many of the different species of snakes, though by no 
neans all, show a fondness for quail eggs or chicks. As the species 
)f snakes that are destructive to quail eggs are all, as far as known, 
preat enemies of rodents as well, indiscriminate killing of them is 
o be deplored. 

Unknown agencies cause the destruction of some nests. Twenty- 

line Bob White nests, while under occasional observation, were 

onverted to "empties" by enemies that eat eggs entire and leave 

10 "sign." The majority of these probably were robbed by snakes 

; nd opossums, although some probably were rifled by dogs or 

i accoons, or possibly by human beings. Foxes, weasels, and other 


Retrieving of quail from the water marks the finishing touches of good bird dog traini J 

mimals undoubtedly contribute to the destruction of eggs in Bob 
White nests. While the proportion of egg destruction may be 
expected to vary somewhat in different regions, and under different 
conditions, it may be safely stated that a heavy loss of eggs is caused 
:>y natural enemies in all parts of the Bob White range. When it 
s considered that some of the eggs frequently remain in the nest 
orty or more days before hatching, in an environment containing 
nany creatures that consider eggs a delicacy, it is not strange that 
o small a percentage of Bob White nesting attempts succeed. As a 
general rule, the percentage of successful nests increases as the 
eason advances for the cover becomes heavier and hides them 
nore effectively. Although many Bob White enemies are afield 
vith litters of hungry young while the birds are trying to bring 
)ff a brood late in the summer, fruit and insect food of skunks 
md similar enemies have increased prodigiously by that time 
ind have so reduced the wanderings of these animals that fewer 
3ob White nests are found and robbed. 

After hatching, dogs running at large scatter the growing chicks, 
vhich is a serious matter in wet weather, even if none are caught, 
-louse cats roam the fields during the night time, catching quail 
)f all ages. In spite of this the multiplication and scattering of 
hese pests continue. Human beings pay a severe penalty in repu- 
ation and money if caught killing a single quail out of season, 
hough cats can kill any number without awakening special com- 
nent. These pests should be summarily dealt with upon quail pre- 
erves. The majority of the fur-bearers are harmful to Bob Whites 
>nly through their breaking up of nests and eating the eggs as they 
re too slow to catch the birds so alert and active. Weasels, foxes, 
nd wild cats are active enough to prey on quail but in the region 
diere the intensive studies were carried on they are found only 
In very limited numbers, and no depredations were directly traced 
o them during the investigation. 

It soon became evident that the Bob White had little to fear 
Jrom the majority of hawks, the "blue darters", being their only 

rious foes, while other hawks preyed largely on rodents and 
i eptiles, only catching an occasional quail that might be surprised 


The Old Master with a couple of prospects. 

t a disadvantage. The importance of an abundance of suitable 
over is seldom fully realized on quail preserves. The birds are 
>ut to a great disadvantage when thickets are cut out and large 
racts of their habitat are burned. When given an abundance of 
uitable cover, these birds have little to fear from birds of prey 
/ith the single exception of the blue darter.' " 

In the business of game management, it does not pay to guess. 
Vhich do you suppose the quail dreads most — foxes or rats? 
4r. and Mrs. Quail may be very much afraid when Mr. Fox 
pproaches, but on the other hand they may depend upon him to 
ive them from the rats. 

It is a definitely established fact that rats, instead of quail, form 
re chief food of foxes, hawks, owls and weasels. With the fox 
ut of the way the rodents multiply unchecked. They overrun the 
elds and woods and destroy quail nests and young quail. There - 
)re, it appears to be good for the gamebirds to have their 
enemies," the flesh eaters, present so that they may keep the rats 
nder control. 


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Trout rearing pools at Summerville Hatchery 


We have fish hatcheries as follows: Summerville at Summerville, 
Georgia; Walton at Social Circle, Georgia; Richmond Hill at Rich- 
lond Hill, Georgia; Bowens Mill at Fitzgerald, Georgia; Lake 
urton at Clarkesville, Georgia. 

Mr. James expects to produce and distribute this year over the 
tate for stocking public waters and new ponds from one and one- 
alf to two million fingerling Bass, Bream, Crappie, and Trout, 
liese facilities will be expanded as rapidly as funds are available. 

Heretofore, on account of limited facilities, the production of 
le Fish Hatcheries has gone largely into the stocking of private 
Dnds, the development of which has seen a tremendous increase 
i Georgia during the last five years. Most of the ponds that have 
sen built up to now are already stocked and it should not be nec- 
sary to stock them again. Therefore, it will be possible and it is 
tie purpose of the present Commission to produce and place in 
te public streams of the State as many stock fish as possible. 


Fry trout in holding pool at Summerville Hatchery. 


It is extremely important that new ponds should not be stocked 
/ith too many fish. By the end of the first summer, if properly 
tocked, bream should have reached a size of approximately one- 
Durth of a pound, and bass or crappie a size of about one pound, 
f too many fish are added it may take as long as five years or more 
Dr the fish to reach the above weights. 

An acre of water, if not fertilized, should be stocked with 400 
ream and 50 bass or crappie. If fertilized, it should be stocked 
ath a maximum of 1,000 bream and 100 bass or crappie. , 

In addition to the above fish, every pond should be stocked with 

-^ambusia Minnows at the rate of about 100 per acre. These min- 

ows aid in controlling mosquitoes and are fine food for bass and 

rappie. They can usually be secured from neighboring ponds and 

ly pools. 


After a pond has once been properly stocked with fish, it should 
ot need restocking. The trouble with most small ponds is that 
ley are already overstocked. 

In old ponds poor fishing is not due to lack of sufficient brood 
ock but usually to the presence of considerable numbers of larger 
sh, which are too wary to bite and which eat up most of the 
nail fish produced in the pond. When this condition occurs, good 
shing can best be regained by draining the pond, removing all the 
sh, transferring them to other holding waters, and returning the 
-sired number of small fish after refilling the pond. Only brood 
ze fish should be returned as very large old fish are cannibalistic 
id not suitable for spawning. 

An old pond that has stood full of water for a number of years 
lould be drained, and stand open through the winter. Then it 
ould be fertilized, refilled, and restocked in the spring. 


Removing large game fish from the farm pond once every five or six years is recommended. 


It is known that most of the food for fish in a pond is furnished 
>y plants so small that they can be seen only with a microscope. 
These microscopic plants float throughout the water, and if present 
n sufficient numbers, give the water a light green or '"brownish" 
olor. They are eaten directly by certain species of fish, and also 
urnish the food for insects, tadpoles, crawfish, etc., upon which the 
est of the fish feed. These microscopic plants can be produced in 
bundance by the use of fertilizers with a corresponding increase in 
he number of pounds of fish produced per acre of water. 

The first application of fertilizer should be made in the spring — 
^pril in South Georgia — May in North Georgia. If the pond has 
iot been previously fertilized, and the water is clear, two or three 
pplications should be made (approximately every four weeks 
part). The last application should be made in September. 

Good results can be obtained by the use of 100 pounds per acre 
f a commercial mix 6—8—4 fertilizer, plus 10 pounds of nitrate of 

The fertilizer should be applied from a boat in the shallow 
raters of the pond but not near enough to the bank to encourage 
re growth of weeds. Wave action will gradually spread it over 
le pond. 

We recommend that all ponds five acres and over should have a 
| rearing pond" adjacent for use in raising fish for the large pond. 

^ n 



Typical of South Georgia's fine fishing streams near Radium Springs, Albany, 


W. H. HODGES, Chief 

Our permanent full-time enforcement staff— Wildlife Rangers— 
i composed of about ninety men. The State is divided into six dis- 
~icts with office locations and district chiefs in charge, as follows: 

fountain District Office, 

Gainesville, Georgia F. V. Lovell, Chief 

lint River District Office, 

Albany, Georgia J. H. Harrell, Chief 

iedmont District Office, 

Macon, Georgia J. W. Thomasson, Chief 

lains District Office, 

Thomson, Georgia C. B. Ellington, Chief 

oastal District Office, 

Jesup, Georgia J. J. Brown, Chief 

[anagement Area Office, 

Dahlonega, Georgia H. H. Seabolt, Chief 

If this small force could devote its entire time to law enforce- 
ent, it could do a much better job in this field. They should, 
)wever, be as familiar with management practices necessary to 
stain wildlife in their districts as they are with the laws relating 

protection. It is our purpose to increase this force in number 
id efficiency as quickly as funds are available. 

The general duties of this division are law enforcement, patrol, 
vestigations, prosecutions, and office work. Game work — liber- 
ing birds and animals, fire prevention, and field trial work. Fish 
)rk — planting and salvaging fish, and educational work. 

Established hours of work are not possible in this work. Our 
mgers are required to not only patrol by auto and boat but to 
t out and walk if necessary to get to the places where violations 
cur. They are expected to distinguish between the willful, de- 
bate violators and the unintentional violators. Every creed, 
l lor, and class of man with every known disposition engages in 
nting and fishing. Reaction to arrest in this field carries more 


Father and son present Wildlife Ranger with fishing license. 

-esentment than for other offenses, hence educational effort by the 
danger with the uninformed, unintentional violator will pay 
iplendid dividends. Nothing encourages a Ranger as much as 
he knowledge that he is contributing by his efforts to the im- 
>rovement of hunting and fishing in his district. So the assistance 
aid cooperation of the people in his district will add up to a better 
ob all around by the Commission in its program of restoration 
nd protection. 


An Average Citizen was walking to his office one morning. His 
ray led past the hardware store, and he stopped to see what was 
lew in the sporting goods display. Happening to glance into the 
tore, he saw a lounger snatch a pocketknife from a rack and con- 
eal it in his coat pocket. 

The Average Citizen was outraged; bustling into the store he 
ailed the proprietor and told him about it, pointing out the 
ulprit who lingered by the counter. Mr. Citizen and the owner 
ccosted the thief and held him until a policeman could be called, 
n jig-time the scoundrel was on his way to jail and the Average 
Citizen was receiving the owner's thanks for his prompt, public- 
^irited action. 

Later that morning, a friend called on the Average Citizen, 
.oth were ardent quail hunters and the talk soon turned to the 
ite quail season. The friend passed on some information about a 
srtain locality where, he said, a mutual acquaintance had re- 
orted getting his limit easily one day. The Average Citizen 

"You don't know how Jim got his limit so fast? He slipped in 
ti the refuge. And it wasn't just a limit — it was quite a bit over." 

"No!" exclaimed the friend. "That's hard to believe. Are you 

"I ought to know," said the Average Citizen, "I watched him 
3 it." 


Wildlife Ranger inspects bag of a marsh hen hunter. 

"But that's breaking every law in the book! Why didn't you 
ell the game warden?" 

Mr. Citizen glared. "Think I'd tell on a man? Besides, it's 
he warden's job to catch him — it's none of my business." 

They said good-bye, then, and the Average Citizen returned to 
vork. When he got home that night, and sat down to dinner, he 
■egaled his family with the events of the day, emphasizing — with 
onscious virtue — how he had twice demonstrated his code of 
:thics. Mrs. Citizen applauded dutifully, but 14-year-old Joe was 

"What's the matter, Joe?" his father asked, with heavy humor. 
Don't you approve of my conduct?" 

"I - I guess so," Joe said, squirming. "But - Dad, if you helped 
irrest the man in the store, why didn't you help the warden? 
Vasn't Mr. Jim breaking the law, too?" 

"You don't understand, son," was the indulgent reply. "The 
lan was stealing. Jim was just outsmarting the warden." 

Joe slipped from his chair. His face was red. "Mr. Jim was 
.ealing, too!" he declared. "I want to go hunting when I grow 
p, and so does Jim Junior. If his father and other fathers break 
le laws and kill more'n they oughta, there won't be anything for 
s kids to hunt. He was stealing — from us!" And then Joe ran 
'0111 the room. 

The Average Citizen, his mouth open, stared after him for a 
loment and then picked up his fork. "That boy!" he exclaimed. 
I can't figure him out. Saying Jim was stealing those quail; 
-guing that I should have told on a fellow sportsman!" 

Mrs. Citizen didn't look dutiful now. "Well, he was breaking 
le law!" she snapped. "That isn't just his game, but Joe's too. 
/hat's the difference if it's quail or jack-knife?" And she walked 

it also. 

The Average Citizen looked hurt. "Women!" he growled, 
^ids! You can't reason with 'em. They're so inconsistent. 

— W. O. N. in Missouri Conservationist. 


A screech owl finds a meal. 



The Information and Education Division of the Game and Fish 
Commission has been cooperating with the newspapers and all 
ivic clubs and schools in putting before the general public a wild- 
fe management program that would be attractive to our future 
unters and fishermen. We have tried to open the eyes of everyone 
) the tremendous waste of our wildlife resources and are trying 
) prevent the state-at-large from being stripped. 

There are several workshops planned which will take us into a 
umber of 4-H Club camps. The program has already been 
orked out and we are looking forward with interest to the recep- 
on it will be given. We are stressing the importance of having 
ur classrooms out-of-doors in various sections of the State which 
~e easily accessible by car, making it possible to expose large num- 
srs of students to the possibilities of our wildlife resources. 

Our new Game and Fish Commission obviously has realized the 
aportance of an increased wildlife motion picture production as 
ell as still pictures. The still pictures are released to all news- 
ipers and magazines upon their request. This is an efficiency 
easure, knowing that many of the pictures we might send out 
3uld be discarded and the pictures sent for naught. 

We feel that we should capture the attention of not only our 
>uth, but also of our grownups, if we are to avert the serious 
igedy in our wildlife resources. If we can create enough interest 
this phase of wildlife, then it would only be natural that this 
terest would develop active participation. 

We are in constant competition with a fast moving and vivid 
ama of today's schools, and if we make any appreciable headway, 
\ must employ the most dramatic appeal we can get to present 
the grownups, as well as to youth. In many classrooms, 
sre are spectacular demonstrations of chemical and biol- 


His first trout. 

>gy behavior. Such demonstrations, if properly done, leave a last- 
ng impression on us. We are trying to enter the field of thinking 
>f the student and teacher, making their field of activities and 
nterests, our interests. 

We have visited one hundred and sixty-three civic organiza- 
ions and eighteen Boy Scout clubs; have spent a total of two weeks 
eaching game management in 4-H Clubs; have released to the 
lewspapers three hundred and four glossy 8x10 photographs on 
/ildlife management and the activities of the Game and Fish 
Commission; have attended every major field trial in the State 
f Georgia, making pictures of their activities; have been to forty- 
*ven schools throughout the State, showing our new wildlife 
lovie consisting of approximately eighteen hundred feet; have 
ctively participated on four radio programs and have contributed 
ews for same. 

We have added to our ever-increasing film library a new film 
ntitled "Wild Fowl in Slow Motion." Our films are available to 
ivic clubs, schools, etc., upon request. 


Bears are oji the increase in our National Forest. 


Fishing, Hunting, Trappers, Fur Dealers, To sell fresh water fish. 

Legal residents over 65 years old No license fee 

For fishing in home county (pole and line) No license required 

Residents under 1 6 years of age (state) No license required 

State resident fishing license $ 2.50 

kate non-resident fishing license (annual) 10.25 

>tate non-resident fishing license (10 days) 3.25 

kate non-resident fishing license (1 day) 1.00 

kate resident commercial fishing license 2.00 

Won-resident commercial fishing license 5.00 

itate resident shad fishing license 1.00 

Njon-resident shad fishing license 10.00 

license to sell fresh water fish 5.00 

bounty resident hunting license 1.25 

tate resident hunting license 5.25 

bounty non-resident hunting license 10.25 

tate non-resident hunting license 20.25 

tate resident trapper's license 3.00 

tate non-resident trapper's license 25.00 

tate resident fur dealer's license 10.00 

tate non-resident fur dealers 200.00 

!ur dealer's agent 5.00 

ropagation permit 1.00 



Illegal fishing devices confiscated by our Wildlife Rangers. 


To hunt any game on, over, or in the vicinity of any baited area; 

To use shotguns larger than 10-gauge or an automatic or hand- 
operated repeating shotgun capable of holding MORE THAN 
THREE SHELLS, unless the magazine has been cut off or 
plugged with one piece of metal or wooden filler incapable of 
being removed through loading end; 

To hunt or kill woodcock or jacksnipe; 

To trap, molest or kill beavers and otters; 

To take sea turtles or their eggs; 

To hunt on any game refuge except on supervised hunts; 

To waste game wantonly; 

To ship game except by permit from the Game and Fish 

To take or sell plumage or eggs of game or song birds without a 

To shoot from public highway or railroad right-of-way; 

To sell, offer for sale, barter, or exchange, any of the protected 
game animals, or game birds or parts thereof, taken in the State 
of Georgia; 

To take any game bird or animal for holding in captivity except by 

To trap, net or ensnare game birds and game animals, except fur- 
bearing animals in season; 

To poison game or non-game birds or animals; 

To resist Wildlife Rangers or other officials charged with the en- 
forcement of game and fish laws; 

To use a light of any kind in hunting game animals and birds; 

To fail to report to the Game and Fish Commission any deer or 
turkey killed in the State of Georgia; 

To kill any deer other than bucks with spiked antlers or larger; 

To hold any game in cold storage longer than hve days after the 
season has expired, without permit from the Game and Fish 



IMP '- 

^4 champion fox hound at a recent Savannah show. 


Seasons and Bag Limits for 1949-1950 

Pursuant to the Act of the General Assembly of Georgia ap- 
proved February 8, 1943, and amended March 9, 1945, creating a 
State Game and Fish Commission, the following rules and regula- 
tions for the seasons and bag limits for hunting and trapping of 
gamebirds and wild animals for the season beginning August 1, 
1949, are hereby promulgated and adopted by the Commission, 
to wit: 

The effective date of these rules and regulations is to be 
August 1, 1949, or thirty (30) days after the posting of same, as 
required by the aforesaid law, whichever is the first effective date 
and continuing in force until changed by law or proclamation. 

All opening dates begin with sunrise on the opening date and all 
closing dates end with sundown on the closing date. 

The opening date on BOB WHITE QUAIL is to be Novem- 
ber 24, 1949, and the closing date February 25, 1950; bag limits 
15 daily and 30 weekly. 

The opening date on WILD TURKEY is to be November 15, 
1949, closing date February 15, 1950. Bag limit two (2) daily, two 
(2) weekly, and two (2) for season. These opening and closing 
dates and bag limits apply to all counties in the State except those 
north of Chattahoochee, Marion, Schley, Macon, Peach, Houston, 
Twiggs, Wilkinson, Washington, Jefferson and Burke, in all of 
which counties the season on wild turkey is to be closed entirely, 
ind the following counties in which the opening date is to be 
October 20, 1949, closing date January 5, 1950, Screven, Jenkins, 
handler, Bulloch, Effingham,, Chatham, Bryan, Evans, Tattnall, 
Toombs, Jeff Davis, Appling, Liberty, Long, Coffee, Bacon, 
Wayne, Mcintosh, Glynn, Pierce, Atkinson, Lanier, Lowndes, 
Clinch, Echols, Ware, Brantley, Camden, and Charlton. 

The opening date on RABBITS is to be November 1, 1949, 
:losing date February 25, 1950. Bag limit eight (8) daily. 


A good hound, the coon hunter's delight. 

The opening date on OPOSSUM is to be October 1, 1949, 
closing date February 15, 1950. No bag limit. 

The opening date on RACCOON is to be November 20, 1949, 
closing date February 15, 1950. No bag limit. The raccoon season 
applies to all counties in the State except Catoosa, Walker, Dade, 
Whitfield, and Chattooga, which are being restocked and are to be 
closed to hunting for this season. 

There is to be no closed season and no bag limit on FOX. 

The opening season on RUFFED GROUSE is to be Novem- 
ber 20, 1949, closing date January 15, 1950. Bag limit three (3) 
daily, three (3) weekly. 

There is no open season on ALLIGATORS. 

There is no open season on SEA TURTLES and EGGS. 

The opening date on SQUIRREL is to be November 1, 1949, 
closing date January 5, 1950, in all counties in the State with the 
exception of those counties north of Carroll, Douglas, Fulton, 
DeKalb, Rockdale, Walton, Oconee, Clarke, Oglethorpe, Wilkes, 
and Lincoln, in which counties the opening date is to be October 1, 
1949, closing date December 5, 1949, and the following counties 
in which the opening date is to be October 20, 1949, closing date 
January 5, 1950, Screven, Jenkins, Candler, Bulloch, Effingham, 
Chatham, Bryan, Evans, Tattnall, Toombs, Jeff Davis, Appling, 
Liberty, Long, Coffee, Bacon, Wayne, Mcintosh, Glynn, Pierce, 
\tkinson, Lanier, Lowndes, Clinch, Echols, Ware, Brantley, Cam- 
ien, and Charlton. Bag limit 10 daily, 10 weekly, in all counties 
in the State. 

The opening date on BEAR in all counties in the State except 
Catoosa, Dade, Dawson, Fannin, Floyd, Gilmer, Gordon, Haber- 
ham, Lumpkin, Murray, Pickens, Rabun, Stephens, Towns, 
Jnion, Walker, White, Whitfield and Chattooga, which counties 
lave no open season on bear, is to be November 20, 1949, closing 
late February 15, 1950. No bag limit. 

The opening date on DEER (bucks only) in the following coun- 
ies, Gilmer, Murray, Fannin, Pickens, Dawson, Lumpkin, Union, 




Towns, White, Rabun, and Habersham, is to be November 10, 
1949, closing date November 25, 1949. Bag limit one (1). The 
hunting of deer in these counties with dogs is prohibited. The 
opening season on deer is to be October 20, 1949, closing date 
January 5, 1950, in the following counties, Screven, Jenkins, Can- 
dler, Bulloch, Effingham, Chatham, Bryan, Evans, Tattnall, 
Toombs, Jeff Davis, Appling, Liberty, Long, Coffee, Bacon, 
Wayne, Mcintosh, Glynn, Pierce, Atkinson, Lanier, Lowndes, 
Clinch, Echols, Ware, Brantley, Camden, and Charlton. Bag 
limit two (2). The opening season on deer in the following coun- 
ties is to be November 1, 1949, closing date January 5, 1950. Semi- 
nole, Decatur, Miller, Early, Baker, Mitchell, Grady, Thomas, 
Brooks, Colquitt, Cook, Berrien, Tift, Woth, Dougherty, Calhoun, 
Clay, Quitman, Randolph, Terrell, Lee, Turner, Irwin, Ben Hill, 
Telfair, Wilcox, Crisp, Stewart, Webster, Sumter, Dooly, Pulaski, 
Dodge, and Bleckley. All other counties of the State are closed to 
deer hunting for the entire season. Guns for hunting deer are 
limited to shotguns loaded with No. 1 buckshot, or larger, or to 
rifles using any center fire cartridges .25 caliber or above with the 
:ollowing exceptions, .25-.20, .32-.20, or .30 army carbine. 

Regulations on MIGRATORY GAME such as DOVE, DUCKS, 
^EESE, BRANT, RAIL, AND COOT are the same as the Fed- 
eral Regulations which will be published as soon as established. 
Shotguns must be plugged to limit them to a capacity of three (3) 
ihells on both native and migratory game. 

The opening date of the trapping season on FOX, OPOSSUM, 
November 20, 1949, and closing date is to be February 15, 1950. 
^o bag limit. 

There is no open trapping season on BEAVER and OTTER. 

The above regulation does not apply to the Game Management 
rea in the Chattahoochee National Forest. Separate rules and 
egulations are promulgated jointly by the Federal and State Au- 
horities governing the taking of game and fish on these areas. 

All regulations previously passed that conflict with this regula- 
i ion are hereby repealed. 


"The chase is the thing," say Georgia's fox hunters. 

I, J. R. Holland, Chairman of the State Game and Fish Com- 
mission of Georgia, do certify that the foregoing is a complete copy 
of the rules and regulations promulgated and adopted by the Com- 
mission in regular meeting assembled, on the 28th day of June, 
1949, copy of the minutes of which meeting is on file in the office 
Df the State Game and Fish Commission. 

Given under my hand, and the official seal of the Georgia Game 
ind Fish Commission on the 28th day of June, 1949. 

J. R. HOLLAND, Chairman, 
State Game and Fish Commis- 
sion, State of Georgia 




A Jet Air Force Pilot proudly displays his catch from the Okefenokee Swamp. 


Proclaiming Open and Closed Seasons for Fishing in Fresh 

Waters of Georgia and Placing Restrictions and Limitations 

Upon the Taking and Selling of Fish in This State 

Pursuant to the Act of the General Assembly of Georgia ap- 
proved February 8, 1943, and amended March 9, 1945, creating a 
State Game and Fish Commission, the following rules and regula- 
tions are hereby promulgated and adopted by the Commission, 
to wit: 

Effective April 1, 1948, and continuing in force until changed 
by law or proclamation, all of the fresh water streams, lakes, and 
ponds of Georgia will be open to legal fishing throughout the year 
with the following exception. 

Exception: The trout streams of the following twelve mountain 
counties — Dawson, Fannin, Gilmer, Habersham, Lumpkin, Mur- 
ray, Pickens, Rabun, Stephens, Towns, Union and White. Fish- 
ng in these waters is prohibited from November 15 through 
Vlarch 31, inclusive, each year. 

The restrictions and limitations upon the taking of fish in this 
State shall be as follows: 

3.ock Fish or Striped Bass 1 in one day 

^arge Mouth Black Bass 10 in one day 

>mall Mouth Black Bass lOinoneday 

^ock Bass 1 in one day 

Kentucky or Red Eye Bass 10 in one day 

Bream 25 in one day 

Perch 25 in one day 

Drappie 1 5 in one day 

Eastern Pickerel or Jack 1 5 in one day 

Vail Eyed Pike 3 in one day 

vluskelunge 2 in one day 

Srook Trout 10 in one day 

tainbow Trout lOinoneday 

.frown Trout 10 in one day 

Led Breast Perch 25 in one day 


Provided, however, that "it shall be unlawful for any person 
to possess at any one time more than 30 fish in the aggregate of 
all species named"; and provided that "no more than 10 Bass of 
any and all species in the aggregate can be taken in any one day"; 
provided that no more than 10 Trout of any or all species in the 
aggregate can be taken in one day; and provided further, that it 
shall be unlawful for any person to sell, to purchase, or offer to 
purchase or offer for sale any of the fish above listed. 


The present schedules can be found on page 82. 



Pursuant to the x\ct of the General Assembly of Georgia, ap 
proved February 8, 1943, creating a State Game and Fish Com- 
mission, the following rules and regulations are hereby promul- 
gated and adopted by the Director, and approved by the Com- 
mission, to wit: 

The season for taking shad in the St. Mary's River shall be from 
December 15 to April 15. In all other streams the season shall 
be from February 1st to April 15. Nets shall be 4i/9-inch- or 
5 1/9 -inch-mesh sizes when stretched. Nets shall be set so as to 
illow one-third of the stream width free for passage for fish. Nets 
>hall not be set within 150 feet of a net previously set. 

During each week of such open season there shall be a closed 

time during which no shad fish shall be taken from the waters of 

(this State in any manner, and no shad nets shall remain in, or be 

Dlaced in, such waters, beginning at sundown Saturday of each 

veek, and extending until sunrise on Tuesday following. 

Definition: The above regulations cover all species of shad fish, 
ncluding what is commonly known as white shad and hickory 

The above regulations shall remain in effect until changed by 
aw or proclamation. 

I, J. R. Holland, Chairman of the State Game and Fish Com- 
nission of Georgia, do certify that the foregoing is a complete 
opy of the rules and regulations promulgated and adopted by the 
Director, and approved by the Commission in meeting assembled 
n Atlanta, Georgia, on the 3rd day of March, 1949, and on file 
n the office of the Commission at the Capitol. 

Given under my hand, and the official seal of said Commission, 
n this 10th day of May, 1949. 

J. R. HOLLAND, Chairman 
State Game and Fish Commission 
State of Georgia 



Prohibiting the Use of Power-Drawn Nets in the Salt 
Waters of This State After August 1, 1949 

Pursuant to the Act of the General Assembly of Georgia, ap- 
proved February 8, 1943, and amended March 9, 1945, creating a 
State Game and Fish Commission the following rules and regula- 
tions are hereby promulgated and adopted by the Commission, 
to wit: 

Effective August 1, 1949, or 30 days after the posting of this 
regulation, according to the law aforesaid, whichever is the first 
effective date and continuing in force until changed by law or 
proclamation, the use of power-drawn nets of any kind in taking 
salt water game fish and shrimp from the inland salt waters, 
including all sounds, estuaries, salt water rivers, and creeks is 
hereby prohibited. Outside salt waters are defined as those waters 
from the outermost part of the coast line to the limit of the three- 
mile jurisdiction, and embrace that part of the Atlantic Ocean 
under the jurisdiction of this State. Inland salt waters not in- 
cluded in outside salt waters include all sounds, estuaries, salt 1 
water rivers and creeks. 

This regulation does not include "shad fish" or in any manner 
affect previous regulations governing the taking of "shad fish" 
from the fresh or salt waters of this State. 

All regulations previously passed that conflict with this regula- 
tion are hereby repealed. 

I, J. R. Holland, Chairman of the State Game and Fish Com- 
mission of Georgia, do certify that the foregoing is a complete 
copy of the rules and regulations promulgated and adopted by the 
Commission in regular meeting assembled, on the 28th day of 
June, 1949, copy of the minutes of which meeting is on file in the 
office of the State Game and Fish Commission. 

Given under my hand, and the official seal of the Georgia 
Game and Fish Commission on the 28th day of June, 1949. 

J. R. HOLLAND, Chairman 
State Game and Fish Commission 
State of Georgia 


Chattahoochee National Forest 

Creel Limit: The maximum catch in any day and the maximum 
number in possession of one person shall not exceed 10 fish of any 
one or all species, of any size. 

Fees and Manner of Fishing: Fishing permits shall be $1.00 per 
person per day. Permits shall be valid on any stream or lake 
during the regulated season for such water. No person regard- 
less of age will be allowed to fish these waters without a permit. 

Permits shall not be valid unless accompanied by a regular 
State Fishing License unless permittee is under 16 years of age or 
permittee is a resident of the County in which he is fishing and 
uses earth worms only. 

Fish shall be taken only with rod and line. Any type of bait or 
lure, except Baltimore minnows or goldfish, may be used. Each 
permittee shall have in use at any one time on the area not more 
than one rod and line. 

Permits Necessary Before Fishing: Fishermen are required to 
obtain fishing permits before they begin fishing. Permits can be 
obtained from the Wildlife Rangers on the areas or they can be 
obtained from the following addresses: 
Georgia Game and Fish Commission, State Capitol, Atlanta, 


District Forest Ranger, U. S. Forest Service, Blue Ridge, Georgia. 
District Forest Ranger, U. S. Forest Service, Suches, Georgia. 
District Forest Ranger, U. S. Forest Service, Clayton, Georgia. 

Wildlife Rangers and patrolmen will be at various road en- 
trances into the areas and permits may be obtained from them. 
However, to avoid delay in getting started, fishermen should ob- 
i;iin permits as far in advance as possible. 

Persons found fishing without permits will be liable for legal 

Fishing Time: Fishing shall be permitted only between the 
hours of daylight and dark of the same day. 




Under a new law passed by the 1949 legislature, the Commission 
handles the sales of its own fishing and hunting licenses. 

For the convenience of the public about 600 agents have been 
appointed, some of which are in each county of the State. Some are f 
county officers and some are hardware and sporting goods dealers. 

These agents are bonded by the Commission and they receive 
25 cents per license sold for their services and as has been said 
before, this is the money on which the Game and Fish Commission 
operates. They are doing a splendid job under Mr. Sanders, who 
expects the license sales to reach $500,000 for this season. 

The State Auditor reuqires that every license number or the 
money therefor be accounted for. 



THOMAS H. JONES, Coordinator 

Source of Operations and Authority: 

The funds coming from the Government in the participation 
of the Pittman-Robertson Act is derived from the excise tax placed 
upon the sporting arms and ammunitions sold in the United 
States. This act was passed by Congress September 2, 1937. 
Through the act the Federal Government will participate in 
Game Restoration in cooperation with the State to a pro rata 
share of 75 per cent of the costs of operation of the program. 

The reimbursement of such operations is made only after the 
completion of such an operation and is paid on quarterly basis. 
Until the time of reimbursement, the State must pay the expenses, 
therefore many projects must be held up until the State has 
enough money in its budget to finance such a project through 
its initial stages. 

The states are allotted a certain amount of money based on the 
number of hunting licenses that are sold within the state each 
year, and it is on this amount that the entire budget of Federal Aid 
Operations is based. 


The personnel of this division is based on the Coordinator- 
Project Leader Program. The Coordinator is in charge of all 
operations and the costs and administration thereof. He is also 
in charge of keeping the Federal Government informed of the 
details of the projects, their costs and reports of progress. He also 
is in charge of the creation of new projects and the public rela- 
tions of this division. 

The Coordinator is responsible to Mr. Calhoun, the director, 
and to Dr. C. W. Watson, the Regional Inspector, for Federal 
Aid Activities of the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. It is through 
the combined effort of these three mer that the approval for a 
project must be obtained. Any proposed project can be stopped 
by the disapproval of any of these three men. 


Bear being released in the Chattahoochee National Forest under Federal Aid Progran 

Project Leader: 

The job of the project leader is the administration and super- 
vision of the project to which he is assigned. In some cases, he 
will have an assistant depending on the size of the project, and in 
other cases he is the only person employed on the project. This 
is not to be used as a criterion as to the relative importance of a 
project, for some work warrants only one man to do efficiently, 
while others, such as development projects needs the combined 
efforts of a number of field personnel. 

Federal Aid Project Leaders must have received at least a B.S. 
in Wildlife Management, Forestry, or some closely related field 
of study before they can be employed as such, the potential project 
leader and other technical men must be approved by both the 
State and the Federal Government. 


Trapping beaver under the Federal Aid Program for release in new areas. 



Project Leader: George W. Allen 
Assistant Leader: Jack Crockford 
Field Biologist: Donald Charbonneau 
John Connell 

(Two more to be employed in summer of 

The object of this project is to determine the numbers and the 
correct management procedures for the game animals of Georgia. 
In addition to this, the personnel of this project work on the fol- 
lowing phases of game administration and management: 

1. Public Relations. 

2. Preliminary Refuge and Development Surveys and Land 

3. Farm-Game Consultants. 

4. Technical Observations on Managed Hunts. 

In making these surveys the biologists go into each county of 
the State and determine all the factors which will influence the 
game populations. Upon completion of the determination of all 
these factors, a recommendation is submitted for the manage- 
ment and the solving of the game problems of that specific county. 
It takes approximately five weeks to make a survey of each county, 
and the cost has been averaging .003 cents per acre surveyed. 
At the time of this writing, one third of the entire State has 
been surveyed, and it is expected that it will take three more 
/ears to complete the entire State. 


Project Leader: John Oney 
Field Assistant: Lou North 

Since practically no information on the life history of the Clap- 


per Rail is available as a basis for management, this project inves- 
tigates the following problems: 

(a) Mating habit. 

(b) Nesting habits. 

(c) Migration or movements. 

(d) Food habits. 

(e) Influences on population. 

(f) Recommendations and a plan of management. 

In addition to the regular activities of the project personnel 
which consists of being in the marshes observing the nesting 
habits, the activities and other important observations of the marsh 
hen, Mr. Oney distributes questionnaires and interviews the 
hunters that are in the marsh during the hunting season. Recently 
Mr. Oney spent a number of weeks at the Patuxent Laboratory 
in Maryland analyzing the gizzards of hundreds of marsh hen? 
determining the food that these interesting birds require. 

This project has been under way since the summer of 1947'j 
and already Mr. Oney has collected a great deal of important anc | 
interesting information. 


Project Leader: Marvin Johnson 

The principal object of this project is to plan a state migrator 
waterfowl development project. The following objectives will b« 
gained before a restoration program is formulated: 

1. Determination of wintering grounds. 

2. Habitat preference and food habit studies. 

3. Cover and food plant sampling of coastal and inland water? 

4. Studies of limiting factors and methods of attracting mor | 
waterfowl to the State. 

5. Studies of impoundments. 

6. Study of the effect of pollution. 

7. Location of areas which offer good possibilities of land acqu 
sition for future refuges and public shooting areas. 



Project Leader: To be appointed. 

Assistant Project Leader: A. Mack Smith 
Assistant Project Leader: To be appointed. 

The purpose of this project is to restore suitable habitat for 
the restoration of Bob White quail and other upland game to a 
lesser extent. 

In order that the landowner may participate in this project he 
must first contact his local Soil Conservation Service represent- 
ative or his County Agent. This is necessary since the State has a 
cooperative agreement with the service to furnish seed and/or 
seedling that this project be accomplished. The landowner simply 
expresses a desire to participate in the restoration of suitable 
game habitat to the S.C.S. representative or County Agent. The 
S.C.S. representative or County Agent in turn contacts the project 
leader or one of his assistants requesting the necessary seed or 
seedling to furnish the landowner in his district or territory. 
Before planting time the project leader or one of his assistants 
distributes the seed or seedling to the County Agent or the S.C.S. 
representative, he in turn makes distribution to the individual. 
The S.C.S. representative will supervise preparation of the lands 
and plantings. The State Game and Fish Commission heretofore 
las agreed to pay the farmer for the labor or growing and handling 
:he seed or seeding. Market prices this year were $3.00 per 1,000 
>eedling and $1.00 per pound for cleaned and scarified seed or 
)0 cents per pound for non-scarified seed. It is believed the market 
vill hold this season. 


^roject Leader: Anderson M. Gray 

Assistant Project Leader: S. L. Jones 

Assistant Project Leader: A. B. Briscoe 

Assistant Project Leader: A. C. Sanders 

Equipment Foreman: To be appointed. 


The object of this project is to create and maintain a system of 
wildlife refuges within the State for the purpose of game restora- 
tion and rahabilitation. 

At the present time there are four operating refuges within the 
State, and a number of others are in the actual steps of being set up 
under the administration of the Federal Aid Program. Some of 
these refuges have full-time personnel assigned to the areas, and 
others have none, depending on the character of the refuge and 
the agreements with the landowners cooperating with the depart- 

The following refuges are in operation at the present time: 

1. Reynolds Brothers, Dougherty County, 30,000 acres; S. L. 
Jones in charge. 

2. Sconti Refuge and Management Area, Pickens County, 
20,000 acres; no personnel assigned. 

3. Piedmont Refuge, Putnam County, 45,000 acres; A. B. 
Briscoe in charge. 

4. Berry Schools Refuge, Floyd County, 23,000 acres; A. C. 
Sanders in charge. 

5. Candler County Refuge, Candler County, 23,000 acres; no 
personnel assigned. 

6. Lookout Mountain, Dade and Walker County, 38,000 acres;- 
no personnel assigned. 

Areas proposed for refuges, and desired by the residents of cer- 
tain areas must meet the following requirements before a co 
oprative agreement between game agencies and the landowner* ■ 
can be promulgated: 

1. Areas must be at least 10,000 acres in size. 

2. Proposed areas must be at least twenty-five direct miles fron 
the closed existing refuge. 

3. There must not be over two owners per 5,000 acres of pro 
posed refuge. 

4. The counties in which the refuge is proposed must have loca 
magistrates that are in sympathy with our program and wil 
prosecute the game violators to the limit of the law. 


5. There must be a game ranger assigned to that area in which 
the refuge is to be located. 

When making such agreements the landowners agree to estab- 
lish an inviolate refuge for a period of from seven to ten years. 
This area will be managed by the State Game and Fish Commis- 
sion for the welfare of the game upon the refuge. 


Project Leader: D. H. Shaver 
Trapper: Jesse Smith 

The object of this project is to trap and remove animals from 
areas where they have reached surplus numbers, and restock these 
animals in areas where breeding stock is needed. This restock- 
ing is for a breeding population only, and not an attempt to 
stablish a hunting population out of the stocked animals. 

The record at the present time for this project is as follows: 

1. Purchased and released 125 deer from Texas. These were 
released at: 

Lookout Mountain 

Sconti Refuge 

Candler County Refuge 

2. Trapped and released approximately 100 deer from Black- 
beard Island. These animals were released at: 

Berry Schools 
Early County 
Candler County 
Piedmont Refuge 

3. Trapped fifty turkeys from cooperative plantations and re- 
leased them in desirable locations. 

4. Trapped and released sixty coons. 

5. Approximately 50 beavers were trapped from areas where 
it was reported that they were doing damage to the land- 
owners' welfare. 



Project Leader: Lawrence Pearce 

The object of this project is to mark the boundaries of the estab- 
lished refuges according to the regulations set up by the United 
States Fish and Wildlife Service. These markings consist of signs 
attached to the trees, posts or other outstanding features along the 
perichery of the refuge and the striping of the intermediate fea- 
tures with two bands of yellow paint. In addition to this work, 
Mr. Pearce has to establish many of the boundaries that he is sup- 
posed to mark. This is done with the aid of the county surveyor 
and any other assistance that he feels is necessary. 



The future of the Federal Aid Division is as follows: 

1. Predator Study: 

The object of this project will be to determine the true 
position of various predators in Georgia in relationship to 
the game species preyed upon. 

2. Quail Study: 

The object of this project will be to determine the man- 
agement and the present status of the Bob White quail 
throughout the entire State. 

3. Turkey Study: 

The object of this study will be to determine the present 
status of the wild turkey in the entire State, and the determi- 
nation of the correct management measures to assure the 
State of the continued existence and the probable increase 
of hunting concerning this bird. 

4. White-tailed Deer Study: 

The object of this project will be to determine the status 
and management procedures for the white-tailed deer in the 
entire State. This will be the next new project activated 
according to the present plans. It is anticipated that Mr. 
Jack Crockford will be the project leader, and that he will 
have an assistant. This coming summer, 1949, Mr. Crock- 
ford, in cooperation with the United States Forest Service, 
will conduct a browse survey in the mountains of North 
Georgia. Although this will not be actually set up under 
this proposed project, it will be one of the initial steps in 
this project's administration. 

5. Wildlife Trend Project: 

The object of this project will be to keep the administrators 
informed as to the relative abundance, and the game trends 
throughout the entire State. Because of its nature it will be 
able to specifically investigate small, short-time projects such 
as breeding activities and game kill statistics by specifically 
concentrating on the problems as they arise. 


6. Coastal Plains Experimental Area: 

The object of this project is to establish methods of farm 
game administration for the purpose of demonstrating the 
correct manner of such administration for building the farm 
game population in the State. In addition to this the area 
will act as a research station in the solution of such problems 
as the effects of insect spray on quail populations, the sea- 
sonal plantings of game foods and the development of new 
food crops for the game animals. This project is located 
on the old Providence Plantation about twelve miles west 
of Albany, Georgia, the project leader is undetermined at 
the present time. The farm manager is Mr. E. W. Brunner 
and is in charge of the area at the present time. 

7. Dove Study: 

The object of this project is to determine the reasons foi 
the continued decrease in the numbers of the Mourning 
Dove. This is a cooperative project between all states in the 
Eastern United States, and should be most beneficial in the 
management of these birds. 



J. NOLAN WELLS, Supervisor 
Brunswick, Ga. 

LOUIS J. ANDREWS, JR., Assistant Supervisor 
Savannah, Ga. 

Georgia has the longest coastline of any southeastern state, ex- 
cept Florida — approximately 170 miles. All of the sounds along 
this coast are closed to all commercial fishing, for the purpose of 
protecting these propagating area. These sounds cover a larger 
area than any other southeastern state which makes it the largest 
and best shrimp-producing area. 

The shrimp industry, therefore, is very important, economically 
speaking. Three hundred or more local resident fishermen and 
at least two hundred out-of-state fishermen, fish the waters of the 
Atlantic, along our shore line, which gives employment to at least 
i 1,500 people in boat crews alone, during the main shrimping 
season, from April to November. This many more people are 
employed in processing and shipping. Each shrimping vessel or 
boat involves an average investment of approximately $20,000, 
and shrimp packing plants in the area represent an investment 
of over $1,000,000. It can readily be seen, therefore, that the 
job — keeping the shrimp industry alive and protected — is a 
"Must" for the Game and Fish Commission. 

The shrimp are produced in the sounds, largely, and migrate to 
the outward water along the coast after maturity, and if fishing 
were allowed in the sounds, the propagating areas would be de- 
stroyed in the process and our shrimp industry would no doubt 
yo the way of our oyster industry, which was of prime importance 
jp to twenty years ago. 

The principal duties of our patrol force on the coast is to 
protect the sounds so that a supply of shrimp for this industry 
nay be maintained. For this purpose, we have a force of seventeen 
nen, four patrol boats, and one patrol plane. These men are 
onstantly on the move in the area, and are out when the fisher- 
nen are out, night or day. 


Shrimping boats at anchor. 


The oyster industry, up to about twenty years ago, was im- 
portant. It is not so important today, because the oysters which 
were in great abundance and of splendid quality, were harvested 
almost to the point of extinction and without any replanting to 
speak of. 

This, together with the extensive dredging of the channels in 
the area by the Federal Government which changed the play of 
the tides on a great portion of the best producing areas, has 
brought the industry to the point of insignificance. It is our under- 
standing that it can be restored, but at a tremendous cost. This 
is an example of what happens when our natural resources are 
spent with prodigality, and is responsible for the Commission's 
present program of restoration and protection before extinction. 
The cost of replacement after extinction is almost prohibitive. 


The crab industry along the coast is of economic importance 
and is becoming more so, daily. The crab are collected, carried 
into processing plants, and the finished produce of "crab meat" 
is shipped to all points of the country. The coastal fisheries patrol- 
men are charged with the duty of protecting this industry also, 
their duty being to see that the female crab are not taken during 
the spawning season. 

Aside from the economic importance of the fishing of this area, 
it offers a limitless field in the art of fishing for the fun of it. 
Sportsmen find in the rivers, creeks, sounds, and the ocean itself, 
fresh water fishing and salt water fishing beyond compare. A few 
of the places where accommodations can be had are listed below: 

Hoke Yomans, Yellow Bluff Camp — Near Midway, Georgia. 

Roscoe Denmark, Maxwellton Plantation, Yellow Bluff Camp, 
Midway, Georgia. 

Connie's Yacht Basin, Wilmington Island, Tybee Road, Route 2, 
Savannah, Georgia. 


A good catch of shad on the Altamaha River near Darien. 

Boyd's Fishing Camp, Lazareta Bridge, Tybee Island, Savannah, 

Oetreno's Fishing Camp — near Shellman Bluff, Darien, Georgia. 

Priest Fishing Camp — St. Simons Island, Brunswick, Georgia. 

Taylor's Fishing Camp — St. Simons Island, Brunswick, Georgia. 

Cloister Hotel — St. Simons Island, Brunswick, Georgia; fishing 
trips arranged for guests only. 

>ine Harbor, Arthur Hardy - 35 miles south of Savannah, on 
Georgia Coastal Highway. 



* : ',,«-■ '3 

'" v '~ 

""• ♦ 

Salt Water Fishing along Georgia coast. 


i BARTOW COUNTY: Lake Aubrey - located six miles north of 

IDeKALB COUNTY: Forest Lake —located three miles south of 
Lithonia, Georgia. 
Norris Lake — located seven miles east of Lithonia, Georgia. 

FANNIN COUNTY: Lake Blue Ridge - located about four 
miles north of Blue Ridge, Georgia. Owned by T.V.A. One 
hundred and eight miles of shore line fishing area in lake. Kinds 
of fish: Large and Small Mouth Bass, Muskellunge, Bream, 
Crappie. Boats and motors are available at Camps listed below: 
Harry's Lakeside Court — Blue Ridge, Georgia. 
Lake View Hotel — Fred Akins, owner, Blue Ridge, Georgia. 
Trout Streams, Rock Creek — twelve miles northeast of Dahlon- 
ega, Georgia. Kinds of fish: Rainbow, Brook, and Brown 
Jack's River — eleven miles west of Blue Ridge, U. S. National 

Noontootly Creek — fifteen miles east of Blue Ridge, U. S. Na- 
tional Forest. 
Note: Special permits at cost of $1.00 per day required for 
these streams and may be secured from Forest Service Rangers 
or State Rangers at Blue Ridge or Suches, Georgia. See 
schedule of open dates. 

ULTON COUNTY: Brown's Lake — located nine miles north- 
west of Fairburn, Georgia. 

Black Rock Lake — located seven miles southwest of Atlanta, 

Ever Clear Lake — located one mile west of Stonewall, Georgia, 
eight miles south of College Park, Georgia. 

KILMER COUNTY: Ellijay River, Carticay River, Stanley 
Creek, Big Creek, and Mountain Creek. Located around Ellijay, 
Georgia. Open stream fishing. Kinds of fish: Rainbow Trout, 


Kentucky Bass, and Rock Bass. Meals and lodging at Ellijay 

GORDON COUNTY: Dews Lake - located seven miles east o 
Calhoun, Georgia. 

HENRY COUNTY: Twelve Oaks — one and one-half miles wes 
of Lovejoy, Georgia. 

LUMPKIN COUNTY: Boggs Creek, Chattahoochee Nationa 
Forest Trout Stream, located twenty miles northwest of Dahlon 
ega, Georgia. Kinds of fish: Rainbow, Brook, and Brown Trout 
Chestatee River — Chattahoochee National Forest Trout Stream 

located eleven miles northwest of Cleveland Georgia. Kind 

of fish: Rainbow, Brook, and Brown Trout. 
Jones' Creek — Chattahoochee National Forest Stream, located 

eight miles northwest of Dahlonega, Georgia. Kinds of fish 

Rainbow, Brook, and Brown Trout. 
Montgomery Creek — Chattahoochee National Forest Strean 

located nine miles northwest of Dahlonega, Georgia. Kind 

of fish: Rainbow, Brook, and Brown Trout. 
Water Creek — Chattahoochee National Forest Trout Strean 

located northwest of Dahlonega, Georgia. Kinds of fish: Rair 

bow, Brook, and Brown Trout. 
Note: A special permit at a cost of $1.00 per day is required o 

these streams. Permits may be secured from Forest Servic: 

Ranger Station, Suches, Georgia, or State Ranger on strean 

See special schedule for open days. 

MURRAY COUNTY: Conasauga River - Chattahoochee N; 

tional Forest Trout Stream, located fifteen miles west of Bird 

Ridge, Georgia. Kinds of fish: Rainbow, Brown, and Broc< 


Note: A special permit at a cost of $1.00 per day is required c: 
this stream. Permit may be secured from Forest Servic <j 
Ranger Station, Blue Ridge, Georgia, or from State Rang< i 
on stream. See special schedule for open dates. 

RABUN COUNTY: Moccasin and Wildcat Creeks - Chatt i 
hoochee National Forest Trout Streams, located about fifteet 


miles west of Clayton, Georgia. Kinds of fish: Brook, Rainbow, 

and Brown Trout. 

Note: A special permit at cost of $1.00 per day is required for 
this stream and may be secured from Forest Service Station, 
Clayton, Georgia, or from State Ranger on stream. See spe- 
cial schedule of open dates on this stream. 

Lake Burton, Seed and Rabun — owned by Georgia Power Com- 
pany, located about eighteen miles north of Clarkesville and 
fifteen miles west of Clayton, Georgia. These are large power 
lakes, having good Large Mouth Bass, Bream, and Crappie 
fishing. Boats, motors, and bait available at most fishing 
camps. Excellent food and lodging available at camps. A few 
are listed below: 

Hills' Camp — seven miles west of Clayton, Georgia. 

LaPrade Fishing Camp — eighteen miles north of Clarkesville, 

Lige's Camp — nine miles west of Clayton, Georgia. 
Miss Carrie Camp — 17 miles North of Clarkesville, Georgia. 
Henry B. Pittman's Camp— 16 miles north of Clarkesville, 


iVikle's Camp — 14 miles north of Clarkesville, Georgia. 

ball's Boat House — 10 miles north of Clarkesville, Georgia. 

iTEPHENS COUNTY: Lake Louise- 178-acre lake, three miles 
east of Toccoa, Georgia, operated by LeTourneau Company of 
Georgia. Large Mouth Bass, Bream, and Warmouth. Hotel on 
lake (Lake Louise Hotel) and hotel close by. 

TOWNS COUNTY: Lake Chatuge - located at Hiawassee, Geor- 
gia, owned by T.V.A. Excellent Large and Small Mouth Black 
Bass, Bream, and Crappie fishing. Boats, motors, and bait avail- 
able at all fishing camps. A few are listed below that have good 
lodging and excellent meals. 
Eller Hotel, Hiawassee, Georgia. 
Thurman and Caldwell, Hiawassee, Georgia. 
Lake Hotel, Hiawassee, Georgia. 
Home Folks Cafe and Tourist Camp, Hiawassee, Georgia. 


Chatuge Lodge, Hiawassee, Georgia. 
Cloer's Fishing Camp, Hiawassee, Georgia. 
Hendrix Camp, Hiawassee, Georgia. 
J. C. Lee, Hiawassee, Georgia. 

WHITE COUNTY: Chattahoochee River and Duke's Creel 
Chattahoochee National Forest Trout Streams — located at Rol 
ertstown and Helen, Georgia. Kinds of fish: Rainbow, Broo] 
and Brown Trout. Good lodging and meals available neai 

Note: A special permit at cost of $1.00 per day is required fc 
these streams and may be secured from Forest Service Range 
at Suches, Georgia, or from State Ranger on streams. Se 
schedule for open dates on these streams. 

UNION COUNTY: Lake Nottley - located at Blairsville, Geo 
gia. Owned by T.V.A. Excellent Large and Small Mout 
Bass, Bream, and Crappie fishing. Boats, motors, and bait avail 
able at fishing camps. Good lodging and food are to be had ; 
all fishing camps. A few are listed below: 
Jones Hotel, Blairsville, Georgia. 
Robert L. Head, Blairsville, Georgia. 
Frank W. White, Blairsville, Georgia. 


BUTTS COUNTY: Jackson Lake — eight miles east of Jackso i 
Georgia, owned by Georgia Power Company. Large Mouil 
Black Bass, Bream, and Crappie fishing. Boats and moto' 
available at lake. Also meals and lodging on lake. 

CRISP COUNTY: Lake Blackshear - owned by Crisp Count 
8,000 acres — located between Cordele and Americus, Ga., art 
between Cordele and Albany, Georgia. Bass, Bream, ar < 
Crappie fishing. Boats available at several camps. Meals 
camps, but nearest lodging at Cordele, ten miles away. 

PUTNAM COUNTY: Rock Eagle Lake, Manager, E. V. Manld 
Eatonton, Georgia — located nine miles north of Eatonton, Gee rj 


gia. Fishing area 110 acres; bait, worms and minnows; boats 
50 cents to $1.00 per day. No motors allowed. Kinds of fish: 
Large Mouth Black Bass, Warmouth, and Bream. No meals 
or lodging available at lake. 

HOUSTON COUNTY: Houston Lake, operator, Abner How- 
ard, Perry, Georgia, 500 acres fishing area, twenty boats at 
$1.00 per day per person. No tackle or bait available. Kinds 
of fish: Bass, Bream, and Warmouth. Meals and lodging can 
be arranged by contacting operator at Perry, Georgia. 

DOUGHERTY COUNTY: Chehaw Lake and Flint River - one 
mile north of Albany, Georgia. Kinds of fish: Bass, Bream, and 
Warmouth. Boats and bait available at two boat docks. No 
lodging or meals available at lake. 


3RANTLEY COUNTY: Satilla River, east of Nahunta, Georgia, 
through Brantley and Camden Counties. Excellent Bass and 
Bream fishing. Boats with motors and guides can be had at 
F. J. Rozier's Camp at Atkinson, Georgia. Lodging and meals. 
Boats, guides, and accommodations available at Woodbine, 
Georgia, in Camden County. 

SRYAN COUNTY: Ogeechee River — fourteen miles south of 
Savannah, Georgia, through Bryan and Chatham Counties. Ex- 
cellent Bass and Bream fishing. Boats with motors, bait, and 
guides available. Meals and lodging available at camps listed 
Dasher's Fishing Lodge, twenty-one miles west of Savannah, 

A. Carson, Ellabell, Georgia. 

CAMDEN COUNTY: St. Marys River - five miles west of Kings- 
land, Georgia. Bass and Bream fishing. Boats, motors, guides, 
lodging and meals available at C. S. Merck's, Kingsland, Georgia. 

CHARLTON COUNTY: Canal entrance to Okefenokee 
Swamp — eleven miles southwest of Folkston, Georgia. Twenty- 


three boats available at $1.00 per day, four motors at $5.00 pe 
day. Guides also available. No lodging or meals. Nearest a 
Folkston, Georgia. 

CLINCH COUNTY: Okefenokee Swamp and Suwanee River - 
twelve miles east of Fargo, Georgia. Entrance to Okefenokee 
Swamp from southwest corner. Excellent Bass, Bream, Jack 
and Warmouth fishing. Accommodations at Lem Griffis Camp 
with rooms and meals furnished. Guide Service. Further in 
formation can be had from Chamber of Commerce, Waycross 


ROCK CREEK - July 2-4, 9 and 10, 16 and 17, 23 and 24, 30 anc 
31, August 3 and 4, 10 and 11, 17 and 18, 24 and 25, Septem 
ber 3-5, 10 and 11, 17 and 18, 24 and 25. 

NOONTOOTLY CREEK -July 6 and 7, 13 and 14, 20 and 21 
27 and 28, August 6 and 7, 13 and 14, 20 and 21, 27 and 28. 

MONTGOMERY CREEK -July 30 and 31, August 17 and 18 
31, September 1, 7 and 8, 14 and 15, 21 and 22, 28 and 29. 



and 7, 13 and 14, 20 and 21, 27 and 28, September 3-5. 

DUKE'S CREEK -July 2-4, 9 and 10, 16 and 17, 23 and 24, 3( 
and 31, August 3 and 4, 10 and 11. 

SMITH CREEK- July 6 and 7, 13 and 14, 20 and 21, 27 and 28 
August 17 and 18, 24 and 25, 31, September 1. 

DICKS AND WATERS CREEKS -July 2-4, 9 and 10, 16 anc 

17, 23 and 24, 30 and 31. 

4, 10 and 11, 17 and 18, 24 and 25, 31, September 1. 


DOCKERY LAKE -August 6 and 7, 13 and 14, 20 and 21, 27 
and 28, September 3-5, 10 and 1 1, 17 and 18, 24 and 25. 


WILDCAT CREEK -July 2-4, September 3-5, 16-18. 
MOCCASIN CREEK -July 8-10, August 19-21, September 
9-11, 23-25. 

DICKS CREEK -July 16 and 17, 23 and 24, 30 and 31, August 
6 and 7, 13 and 14. 


August 12-14, September 3-5, 16-18. 

^ON AS AUG A RIVER -July 2-4, 8-10, 15-17-22-24, 29-31, 
August 5-7, 12-14, 19-21, 26-28, September 3-5. 
All dates above shown, as "September 3-5," are inclusive. 



Georgia's coastal area is the cradle of her history and traditions. 
Savannah is the "little old lady" of the state and what a winsome 
and adorable (< old lady" she is! 

No more pleasant and interesting spots are to be found for vacation- 
ing and rest than Savannah and Brunswick with her ''Marshes of 



"As the marsh-hen secretly builds on the watery sod, 
Behold I will build me a nest on the greatness of God: 
I will fly in the greatness of God as the marsh-hen flies 
In the freedom that fills all the space 'twixt the marsh and the 

By so many roots as the marsh-grass sends in the sod 
I will heartily lay me a-hold on the greatness of God: 

Oh, like to the greatness of God is the greatness within 
The range of the marshes, the liberal marshes of Glynn. 
And the sea lends large, as the marsh: lo, out of His plenty the sea 
Pours fast: full soon the time of the flood-tide must be: 
Look how the grace of the sea doth go 

About and about through the intricate channels that flow 
Here and there, 
Till His waters have flooded the uttermost creeks and the low- 
lying lanes, 
And the marsh is meshed with a million veins, 
That like as with rosy and silvery essence flow 
In the rose-and-silver evening glow." 




Patrol boat off the Marshes of Glynn, Brunswick, Ga. 



Years ago, back in the 1870s right after the war, Georgia's finest 
>oet contracted tuberculosis. Sidney Lanier knew he was going 
o die — it was unheard of to cure tuberculosis in those days — but 
ne did not want to die. He was a man who really knew how to get 
omething out of living. 

He could take a muddy, uninteresting river and make it sing — 
Out of the hills of Habersham, Down through the valleys of 
lall ..." He was a man with eyes that could see. But those eyes 
iere soon to be closed and there was nothing he could do about 
: — or was there? 

I was down in Brunswick recently for some speaking engage- 
ments and I got to thinking about Sidney Lanier. One afternoon I 
r alked out the road through the "Marshes of Glynn" until I came 
) that oak tree where he used to go. 

He was facing a problem he could not solve. He was beyond 
uman help. He might have become bitter and cursed his fate, 
le might have become hysterical and had a convenient "nervous 
reakdown." He might have spent the rest of his days retailing his 
oubles to whoever would listen. He might have grown sorry for 
imself and escaped in self-pity. 

But instead, out under that oak tree that stands today and is 
>propriately marked, he wrote his finest poem and had his great- 
t experience. "As a marsh-hen secretly builds her nest on the 
atery sod, Behold I will build me a nest in the greatness of God." 

He died when he was 39, but not before he had learned the 
eaning of the first Commandment, "Thou shalt have no other 
»ds before me." 




Augusta, Ga. 

Augusta, Ga. 
May 3, 1949 

Mr. J. C. Calhoun, Director 
State Game and Fish Commission 
Atlanta, Georgia 
Dear Sir: 

Received my hunting and Fishing License for which 1 thank yoi 
no little. 

You state on this license the following: "In the use of thi 
privilege you have an opportunity to render your State and all c» 
her citizens a splendid service by lending your influence an. I 
assistance to the State Game and Wildlife." 

In view of my age, past experience and observation, as a bir || 
hunter, both quail (partridge) and doves, and also a fox hunter 
think that some suggestions that I might make may be of value t ! 
the bird hunters of our State in the preservation (restoration, coi 
servation and protection) of our fish and wildlife. 

Let me make as a preamble the following: I sincerely believi 
that if every fox, wildcat, skunk, housecat, hungry dog, cottonfiel I 
mouse, snake, crow, hawk, and all other predatory animals, re] I 
tiles, and birds are destroyed in Georgia today, the quail and do\ :jrj 
would become fewer and fewer with each succeeding year and tr I 
reason for this amazing and rapid decrease is no other than thn 
man with a gun. All old bird and fox hunters, sixty-five 1 1 
seventy-five years of age, know this to be true. It is only tit: 
younger generation that cannot or will not look back and s( t 
from whence we came, that is blaming predators for this markej, 
decrease and well nigh extinction of bird life. 

All of us both young and old should try to be honest in facir 
facts and acknowledge our sins of commission with the gun. 


was a quailhog in my day, just as many thousands of Georgians 
are now, trying to kill them all. There are quail hunters in my 
locality, when they find the covey, which is rare, they follow it 
day after day until not a bird is left. They say, "someone else 
Will get them all, so what's the difference." Doubtless this same 
Sentiment prevails in other counties of Georgia. 

Being seventy-five years of age, I could take you back to the time 
md place where all predators and game birds inhabited the same 
ields and woods. I know because I shot quail and caught fox on 
he same ground and there was no scarcity of either. About thirty 
ears back (1919) the fox disappeared completely from Middle and 
Last Georgia, but we still had plenty of quail and doves. When 
he fox came back in 1932 (thirteen years) quail were scarce 
ndeed. What made them scarce and become fewer and fewer 
very year while there was not a fox in this section? Let's be 
onest! I killed over hve thousand quail and a good many doves 
nd every one was shot before the fox came back seventeen years 
go. Incidentally, there used to be dove shoots in East Georgia 
mere 3,000 were killed in one day. Numerous shoots in Middle 
Georgia produced 1,500. My gun aided in the destruction of 
,200 in one day. 

Speaking specifically of fox and quail, there are plenty of fox 
i Richmond County where I live, but no quail. I doubt if fox all 
ver Georgia ever get the opportunity to eat a quail except an 
:casional wounded or dead one by the shot gun. With automo- 
iles traveling fifty - one hundred - two hundred miles a day 
>aded with guns and dogs, the quail's life is about over. Only 
reserves will have them. 

I had a financial interest in a plantation in Burke County with 
irty coveys of quail. Bird hunters from Augusta, Waynesboro, 
id Louisville reduced them to one covey in a briar and bamboo 
>nd. This reduction all came about by the shotgun, during the 
•sence of the fox from 1919 to 1932. Let's be honest! The 
otgun and only the shotgun has ruined the doves and quails 
|i this State. Predators will get one occasionally while the gun 
|ts its thousands every day. I don't love predators, but I'm not 


foolish enough to blame them with the scarcity of bird life, 
Predators are just one drop in a bucketful of destruction by the 

If bird hunters don't get predators out of their heads completer) 
and entirely and devote mature thoughts to the man with a gun 
their sons will never see a quail and only an occasional dove. 

Conclusion, I sincerely believe in the preamble to this article 



1314 Comfort Road 
Augusta, Georgia 



In the book, ''The Road to Survival," by William Vogt, yov 
will find this statement: 

"Above all we must realize that every grain of rice, every bi 
of potato, every piece of meat or kernel of corn or grain of whea 
that man puts into his mouth must be replaced by another bit fron 
the earth — somewhere. We must realize that not only does ever 
area have a limited carrying capacity but also the carrying capacif 
is shrinking and the demand is growing." 

This statement should strike Georgians with particular fore 
for it is clear for all, who will, to see that our wildlife areas ar 
shrinking and the demand of hunters and fishermen are growing 

This is a most important fact and it deserves consideration o 
every organization that is interested in the welfare of our State 


' 7 

'A general decline i)i numbers of the mourning dove was reported this winter."